Thesis Open Access

DOCUMENTING AND CONSERVING THE DISAPPEARING OF TYPICAL GAMO HIGHLAND VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

ASHENAFI EZO


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Gamo highland is one of the areas where traditional architecture practiced abundantly.&lt;br&gt;
However, now differently constructed houses clearly shown and gradually disappearing.&lt;br&gt;
Therefore, it is inspiring to study the loss and their current conditions. The purpose of the&lt;br&gt;
study was to documenting and conserving the disappearing of the typical Gamo highland&lt;br&gt;
Keeththas of; compound pattern, construction materials and techniques, indigenous design&lt;br&gt;
ideas, and architectural functions and space organizations. To achieve the objectives,&lt;br&gt;
conventional means (direct observation, recording photo and video, direct measurement,&lt;br&gt;
and drawing and sketching) and communication methods (interviews, questionnaires and&lt;br&gt;
group discussion) were used. All collected data sets have been analyzed descriptively and&lt;br&gt;
presented in pictures, tables, drawings, sketches, and maps. The result shows that the&lt;br&gt;
highland people live in scattered settlements and organized into many diverse deres. The&lt;br&gt;
settlements site also under the controls of the Gamo highland traditional laws called&lt;br&gt;
wogas. The houses are located in a compound within a compound and surrounded by false&lt;br&gt;
banana(uuththa) and bamboo(woyisha). Gamo highland keeththa typologies are; Yarra,&lt;br&gt;
Karra, Gothoma(zuffa) and Boreda. The houses have been made from&lt;br&gt;
split(woyisha/woyirra) woven like an upside-down basket and then thatched with roof&lt;br&gt;
covering materials called qadda/gatta. The Gamo highland keeththa ideas generated from&lt;br&gt;
copying of nature. The study recommends that to conserve in the social and cultural life of&lt;br&gt;
the society, special attention has to be given for vernacular houses(keeththa) and for its&lt;br&gt;
materials.&lt;br&gt;
&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Tibebu Assefa (PhD),</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Conserving, Documenting, Disappearing, Keeththas, Deres, Woyisha</subfield>
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