Thesis Open Access

THE STATUS OF ACTIVE LEARNING APPROACH IN SELECTED SECOND CYCLE PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN LEMU – BILBILO WOREDA, ARSI ZONE, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

WONDU HUNDIE

 

The purpose of this study was to assess the practices, challenges, opportunities, and status of
active learning approach in selected second cycle primary schools of Lemu - Bilbilo Woreda in
Arsi Zone. It used mixed research approach of convergent parallel type design and. descriptive
survey method to collect both quantitative and qualitative data and analyze them. Primary source
of data includes: school leaderships, CRC supervisors, WEO experts, teachers and student and
polices, journals and literature reviews were served as secondary sources. The sampling
techniques employed were purposive, stratified and simple random sampling. The sample size
were 55 teachers, 8 principals, 5 Vice principals, 7 CRC Supervisors, 6 WEO experts, and 252
students, totally 344 participants out of 5,433 target populations. The interview Data were
gathered from principals, vice principals, CRC Supervisors and WEO experts. The
Questionnaires administered to teachers and students were collected from 47 teachers and 252
students with the return rate of 96.14%. Quantitative data was analyzed by descriptive and
inferential statistics (frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and p-value) presented in
table and calculated using SPSS version 20.Qualitative data were analyzed through narration for
the purpose of triangulation. The findings of the study proved that the respondents have a positive
perception on active learning. In spite of their good perceptions, the level of their practice was
low and poor. Among the major challenges affecting the effectiveness of practice of active
learning were: the domination of lecture method, lack of training , attention given by schools
leaderships, large class size, inadequate learning resources & instructional materials, lack of
administrative support , shortage of well qualified teachers and adequate finance. As a result the
status of active learning approach in second cycle primary schools was found at a low level.
Based on the findings, it was recommended that, for the successful implementation of active
learning; the positive perception of teachers, school leaderships, WE and Zonal Education
experts should increase. Facilitating continuous and intensive short and long-term training
offered for teachers. That was on the practice and different strategies of active learning to
improve and overcome the challenges observed on the implementation active learning.
Educational administrative bodies adjust mechanism and financing schools, construct extra
classes to solve the problem. Teachers should use verity of modern teaching method so as to
minimize problems encountered and maximize the practice and the status of active learning in the
study area.
 

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