Thesis Open Access

SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ ADOPTION OF IMPROVED SORGHUM VARIETIES: THE CASE OF GONDAR ZURIA WOREDA, NORTH GONDAR ZONE OF AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA

MELESE ASMARE WASSAI


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    <subfield code="a">Agriculture is a dominant sector of the Ethiopian economy and a lion share contributor to the 
gross domestic product, employment and foreign exchange earnings. The improvement of this 
sector  promotes  the livelihood of the vast population which mainly depends on farming. 
Extensive adoption of improved agricultural technologies such as improved seed varieties (in 
this case sorghum) plays vital role in reversing the present situation of prolonged food 
insecurity in many parts of Ethiopia. The main objective of this study was to identify factors 
that determine adoption of improved sorghum varieties and  to  identify  the determinants of 
farmers’ choice of different sorghum varieties. The study used a primary data collected from 
204  randomly selected  sorghum  producing  farmers  through  structured interview schedule 
from four randomly selected Kebeles in Gondar Zuria District. Moreover, secondary data from 
regular statistical reports such as CSA, and other published and unpublished sources were 
reviewed.  The data was analyzed through  descriptive statistics and  logit and multinomial 
probit econometric models. In the logit model, five variables were found to significantly affect 
adoption of improved sorghum varieties. These are credit (+), extension contact (+), off-farm 
income (+), farm size (+) and proportion of sorghum area (-). Thus what is needed from any 
development agents is that they should have to establish a credit scheme to support the farmers 
so that they can acquire improved sorghum variety and other inputs to boost production and 
productivity. Moreover  extension contact between  farmers  and extension agents  should be 
further strengthened,  encourage farmers to participate in different extension programs 
regarding  sorghum production  improvement. Results of multinomial probit model revealed 
that age, credit, proportion of sorghum area, extension contact, farm size, off-farm income, 
irrigated land, and shortage of labor were variables that significantly explain the choice of 
sorghum varieties. Accordingly development and distribution of different sorghum varieties 
should be based up on the diverse socioeconomic and institutional characteristics that resides 
in the farming communities.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ ADOPTION OF IMPROVED SORGHUM VARIETIES:  THE CASE OF GONDAR ZURIA WOREDA, NORTH GONDAR ZONE OF AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">10.20372/nadre:1554185452.33</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">MELESE ASMARE WASSAI</subfield>
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