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FARMERS WILLINGNESS TO PAY AND CHOICE OF SMALLHOLDER WATER LIFTING TECHNOLOGIES: EVIDENCE FROM ADAMI TULU, LEMO AND DANGELA WEREDAS, ETHIOPIA.

MENEYAHEL ZEGEYE TESFAYE


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{
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.20372/nadre:1554185441.64", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "@type": "Person", 
      "affiliation": "Arbaminch University", 
      "name": "MENEYAHEL ZEGEYE TESFAYE"
    }
  ], 
  "datePublished": "2015-06-01", 
  "description": "This paper analyzes the farmers\u2019 willingness to pay (WTP)  and demand  for the  smallholder \nwater  lifting  technologies  (SWLTs).  The  study  employed  Contingent  valuation  method \n(CVM),  and  212  farmers\u2019  were  selected  based  on  multi-stage  sampling  technique  from \nthree  weredas,  Adami  Tulu,  Lemo  and  Dangela.  The  selected  sample  households  were \nasked a contingent valuation question using a double bounded elicitation with open ended \nfollow up question. To examine the determinants of WTP  and to compute the mean WTP \nfor the  SWLTs, probit and bivariate probit model were used. Using multinomial logit model \ndeterminants of demand  for the SWLTs namely, motor pump, rope and washer and pulley\nwere also examined.  The probit model result shows that household  size, household income, \ninitial  bid  values,  access  to  credit,  access  to  market,  off-farm  activity  and  land  size \nsignificantly  affect  the  probability  of  the  households\u2019  WTP  for  the  SWLTs.  From  the \nbivariate  probit  model,  the  computed  mean  WTP  for  the  SWLTs  using  double  bounded \nelicitations (DBE) are 18,575, 4,497.7 and 1,709 birr for motor pump, rope and washer \nand  pulley  respectively.  The  computed  open  ended  elicitation  mean  WTP  values  are \n15,226.70,  3,452.31and  1,218.33  birr  for  motor  pump,  rope  and  washer  and  pulley \nrespectively. Likewise, the total WTP for motor pump, rope and washer and pulley from the \nDBE method is 14,265,600, 4,889,000 and 948,495 birr respectively. The total WTP for \nmotor  pump,  rope  and  washer  and  pulley  from  open  ended  elicitation  is  11,694,083, \n3,752,661 and 676,173.15 birr respectively.  The multinomial logit model result  shows that, \nsex of the household head, credit access, household income, off-farm activity, access to \nmarket, quality of soil, ownership mode, agro-ecological zone and land size are found to \nbe  significant in affecting the probability of the households\u2019  demand for the  SWLTs. The \nmain findings of this paper is that farmers\u2019 are willing to pay for the SWLTs. But, the level \nof WTP and choice of technology is contingent upon and different from location to location. \nThe DBE  resultk2  shows that market price of rope and washer and motor pump lies between \nfarmers\u2019 upper and lower range of WTP bound  but farmers\u2019 are more willing to pay for \npulley higher than what the existing market reveals.  Also, the mean values obtained from \nthe open ended elicitation is lower than  the values from the double bounded elicitation. \nThus, policy makers should be careful on the selection of the elicitation technique to elicit \nthe farmers\u2019 WTP. Moreover, the comparative analysis between  male and female headed \nhousehold shows that females are less willing to pay for the SWLTs.", 
  "headline": "FARMERS WILLINGNESS TO PAY AND CHOICE OF SMALLHOLDER  WATER LIFTING TECHNOLOGIES: EVIDENCE FROM ADAMI TULU,  LEMO AND DANGELA WEREDAS, ETHIOPIA.", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.20372/nadre:1554185441.64", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "inLanguage": {
    "@type": "Language", 
    "alternateName": "eng", 
    "name": "English"
  }, 
  "license": "http://www.opendefinition.org/licenses/cc-by", 
  "name": "FARMERS WILLINGNESS TO PAY AND CHOICE OF SMALLHOLDER  WATER LIFTING TECHNOLOGIES: EVIDENCE FROM ADAMI TULU,  LEMO AND DANGELA WEREDAS, ETHIOPIA.", 
  "url": "https://nadre.ethernet.edu.et/record/3062"
}
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