Thesis Open Access

IMPACT OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ON AGRO PASTORAL LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES: A CASE STUDY FROM BENA TSEMAY COMMUNITY, SOUTH OMO ZONE, ETHIOPIA

TESEMA NIGUSIE BIRKE


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    <subfield code="a">Livelihood  strategies  are  at  the  centre  of development.  However,  identification  of  the 
numerous  factors  that  determine  the  abilities  of  rural  household’s  choice  of  livelihood 
strategies in Ethiopia has received little attention and there was no more study undertaken.
The  purpose  of  this  study was  to impact  of  environmental  degradation  on  agro  pastoral 
livelihood strategies of Bena Tsemay communities of South Omo Zone SNNPR, Ethiopia. To 
achieve the objectives ,representatives data were collected from 150 sample household heads 
from three sample kebeles, which were selected using purposively sampling by considering 
agro-ecological conditions moreover, three FGD each group composed 8-12 from different
individuals and from different socio-economic status and age groups were also included in 
the study. Key informant interview also made with DAs in the Woreda. The study revealed 
that  the  main  source  of  income  in  the  study  area are livestock (1-35.5TLU) and rain  fed 
subsistent agriculture (0-4500 ET birr), which adversely affected by unpredictable rainfall 
(67.1-193.3(mm)  drought  and  high temperature  (27.2-29.7°c).  To  adapt  this  climate 
variability  agro-pastoralist  are  using adaptation  strategies  along  with  drought  and 
inconsistent rainfall variability. Moreover, the study also identified women, children, elderly, 
the  poor  and  landless  were  the  most  vulnerable  to  the  livelihood  (livestock  and  crop 
cultivation)  and  climate  variability  effects  (drought  and  in  consistent  rainfall). A  research 
also  suggest  that  increasing  of  agro-pastoral  with  integrated  adult  educationbuilding 
capacity, introduction  of improved  breeds  of  livestock  and quality  and  quantity  of  forage 
products and livestock confined to stall how to use modern livestock rearing and disseminate 
agricultural technologies and inputs to the community, restoring the degraded environment, 
diversifying source of income .Will contribute for sustainable livelihood strategy.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">IMPACT OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ON AGRO  PASTORAL LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES: A CASE STUDY FROM BENA TSEMAY COMMUNITY, SOUTH OMO  ZONE, ETHIOPIA</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">10.20372/nadre:1554185420.73</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">TESEMA NIGUSIE BIRKE</subfield>
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