Thesis Open Access

An Assessment of the Role of Environmental NGO's in Environmental Protection: Challenges and Prospects

Mohammed, Enas

Environmental protection is an irresistible issue. Every being and entity at national, regional, local and institutional level has an obligation and duty to protect it. Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the environment with policies and procedures aimed at conserving natural resources, reversing degradation and sustainable development for the benefit of the natural environment and humans surrounding it. Today, the necessity of environmental awareness and enforcement is more demanding and urgent than ever before. Despite provisions in Ethiopian Constitution providing for environmental protection and statutory provisions, the problem of environment still exists. The main cause for the continuing environmental problem is lack of sufficient system for management of resources coupled with lack of environmental awareness and weak participation of the public and organizations. The involvement of NGOs in environment protection represents an organized response by civil society in those areas in which the state has either failed to reach or done so in adequately. This study examines the roles of environmental NGOs in environmental protection, focusing mainly on the roles of environmental NGOs in their role towards climate mitigation and adaptation. The study was carried out on three selected international environmental NGOs; ACCRA, CCF-E and FfE. It relied on both primary and secondary sources of data, methods of data collection and analysis. Personal visit was made to the organizations in collecting primary and secondary data. The findings of the study showed that, NGOs have been taking a number of steps to promote discussion and debate about environmental issues. Advocacy and awareness is especially crucial in promoting concepts such as sustainable development, natural resource conservation and the restoration of ecosystems. NGOs sensitize policy makers about local needs, provide training facilities and undertake research and publication on environment and development related issues. The study recommends for the development of strong institutional framework. It is necessary to support and encourage genuine, small, local level NGOs in different parts of the country which can provide extended institutional support

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