Thesis Open Access

The Role of Men in Family Planning in a Rural Community of Western Ethiopia

Tolassa, Yohannes

In recognition of men's influence on family life decision and actions, and the family planning needs of men, family planning programs are encouraged to involve men. To determine men and women factor that affect family planning utilization by the couples, a cross sectional, community based study was conducted in six Rural Kebeles of Bodji woreda of western Ethiopia; Between Dec24,2003-Jan3, 2004. Systematic random sampling was used to select the study subjects. A pre-tested questionnaire in Oromo language was used to collect information from the couples. Similar questions were posed to the couples simultaneously but at distance they couldn't hear each other. A total of 365 married couples were included. Nearly 100% of them are Oromo and Christians, 96% are farmers, 79.1% of men and 63% of women had formal education. Eighty-four percent of men and 86.3% of women have information about family planning, 82-% men and 89.6% women believe that family planning is important. The majority, 90.6% of men approves contraceptive use by their wives, but only 70% of women reported perceived approval by their husbands. Both bivariate and multivariate analysis has shown that, age of the couples ,knowledge of family planning methods by men, men as advocate for contraceptive use, discussion about family planning, perceived approval by husband, women education, ,family size, are predictors of family planning use by women. On the other hand, husbands' opposition was positively related to contraceptive use by women. The reason behind is not clear. In conclusion, in married couples, both women and men factors affect family planning service utilization by the women. Therefore all programs targeted to promoting family planning have to vi target both men and women, men should be considered as an important agent to expand family planning utilization Key words: role of men, family planning, rural community

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